Damage Types and Elements - Basic Guide


Damage Types and Elements - Basic Guide

Hi everyone!

This guide will cover the basics of how the relation of the elements and properties of attacks work in Tree of Savior. Here you will find how to take good advantage of your skills and abilities of your class and skills of your choice. Please feel free to comment any inconsistency, or any contribution you think is needed.

Table of Content

  1. What are damage properties in Tree of Savior?
    1.1 The Skill Information Box
    1.2 Your Target Information
  2. Damage Interactions
    2.1 Elemental Damage
    2.2 Physical Damage

1. What are damage properties in Tree of Savior?

Every attack you made will take in consideration some sort of property, to either increase or decrease the damage you do, based on the attack you are doing and against who you are delivering this attack.

In Tree of Savior, we have:

  • Magical skills, that most of the time will have an element associated and use your Magic Attack to calculate damage
  • Physical skills, that covers mostly melee attacks and use your Primary and Secondary Physical Attack, depending on the weapon the skill requires you to use
  • Missile skills, for the ranged attacks, that also use your Primary and Secondary Physical Attack, depending on the weapon the skill requires you to use

It is important to note that this is a basic separation of these damage types, they can and will be mixed, based on the skill you are using and the concept of the class you chose.

On the defensive side, we also have the same elements that counter the Magical skills, and the armor type, associated with the Physical and Missile skills, playing the role of decrease or increase the damage you will deal against an enemy. We will check them in a moment.

The Skill Information Box

All damaging skills in the game (also some supportive ones, but here is not the case) will show which kind of attack, type and element (if applicable) the damage will be based of. It is very important to check these boxes closely, and also to memorize which kind of damage your skill work on.

Examples of Skill Information Boxes

A Magic damage skill, with the Holy property

A Physical damage skill, with the Pierce-type

A Missile damage skill, with the Gun-type

Your Target Information

When you aim a target, the game UI will show, at the top center of your screen, the basic information of your enemy. Keep in mind that it is very limited, showing only element and race, alongside the HP bar. If you want to see more detailed information, you will need to rely on Add Ons to check things like size and armor type.

Examples of Targets Information


A regular monster (small HP bar) of Mutant race and Poison element

Boss monster (large HP bar) of Demon race and Earth element

2. Damage Interactions

Now that we know how to check the damage we will be delivering with a specific skill, and how to check the element of our targets, now we can look at how to deal extra damage using this information.

Elemental Damage

For the elements, or properties, we have two separated interactions:

  • The four basic elements (Fire, Earth, Lightning and Ice), with Poison running alongside
  • More divine elements (Holy and Dark), with Psychokinesis running alongside

General rules are:

  • You will do 50% more damage with the right property
  • Each property will cause -25% damage on itself
  • Poison will increase less, but will work on every basic element
  • Psychokinesis (also refered as Soul) will also increase less, but is the only one that deal extra damage on itself


Physical Damage

Physical attacks work with the armor type of your target. As mentioned before, you cannot see the armor type without using some sort of Add On. You can also check a database for more detailed information about specific monsters.

Also, each weapon have a specific type of attack, this can help you predict the predominant type of the skills the class you chose will have. Example: Rapier are Pierce-type, so you can expect that Matador and Fencer, rapier users, will have a lot of pierce-type skills.

Keep in mind that, as you can use different skills with different weapons, the type of your skill is what will be considered. The weapon attack type counts only for basic auto attacks.

General rules are:

  • Magic skills will always deal neutral damage against any kind of armor, except ghost-type, meaning that most of the cases only the element you choose will matter
  • Melee skills (Slash, Pierce and Strike) are better against a specific armor type each
  • Cannon-type is the only Missile attack that deals better with Plate armor, the others work better against the other two, with less bonus damage

And that’s it! Hope this quick guide can help you choose well the skill you will use, based on the situation you are facing. Always remember that Tree of Savior have (at least for me) a kind of extended damage modifiers. Choosing the right target to try out your damage will certainly change your perception of a skill and a class concept.

Server: SA Silute
Team Name: Wellan


Nice, but you wrote “Exambles”


Oopsie haha

Fixed this typo.


So bow and gun (missle) is effective to Cloth and Leather? So why separated to 2 type?
Does cannon count as missle too?


quick but very nice guide, I like the images


Yes, Cannon is Missile type damage.

Bow and gun might be separated due to weapon type or maybe something related to how they were coded. But yes, they have the same advantages.